Johan Marais

    Johan Marais is the C.E.O. of the African Snakebite Institute, established in 2010. He is the former curator of both FitzSimons’ Snake Park in Durban and Transvaal Snake Park in Halfway House, has served on the Crocodile Specialist Group of IUCN, was chairman of the Herpetological Association of Africa and of SARCA (Southern African Reptile Conservation Assessment) which was funded by SANBI (South African National Biodiversity Institute).

    He does work for corporate companies as a consultant and has done extensive reptile research in northern Mozambique, Uganda, Malawi, Botswana, South Africa, Angola and Namibia in recent years. He is affiliated with the University of Witwatersrand and does most of his research with Villanova University in Pennsylvania, USA and Sam Davis University in Texas, USA. This research includes reptile and amphibian surveys and searches for specific species for phylogeny and taxonomical studies. As director of The African Snakebite Institute he lectures widely on snakes of Africa as well as first aid in snakebite and the medical treatment of snakebite. His customers include companies like ESKOM, Sasol, Wilderness Safaris, the Legacy Group and various mines like COAL of Africa, Anadarko, Master Drilling, Ghaghoo and Exxaro. He offers snake awareness, first aid for snakebite and snake handling courses and is responsible for the establishment  emergency protocols for snakebites for large companies. Johan is a FGASA (Field Guides Association of Southern Africa) endorsed training provider and is accredited by the ISZS (International Society for Zoological Sciences). He has provides lectures on snakes and snakebite to the Department of Health, Northern Cape, The South African Society of Travel Medicine, Inhemaco and Travel Doctors. His courses are registered with the HPCSA for CPD points.

    In honour of his contribution to popular herpetology and science, two newly discovered reptiles were named after him – a gecko from western Namibia (Pachydactylus maraisi) and a worm lizard from northern Mozambique (Zygaspis maraisi). He has published widely in scientific and popular magazines and is an accomplished photographer. His first book on snake was published in 1984 followed by several more.

    Books
    Marais, J. and Tilbury, C. 2018. The Medical Treatment of Snakebite in Africa. In press.
    Bauer, A. and Marais, J. 2018. A Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Namibia. In press.
    Marais, J. 2018. First Aid for Snakebite. African Snakebite Institute Publication. 24 pp.
    Marais, J. 2018. Kid’s book of Snakes of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers. 2018.
    Marais, J. 2014. Snakes and Snakebite in Southern Africa (Revised). Struik Publishers.
    Marais, J. 2011. What’s that Reptile? Struik Publishers.
    Marais, J. 2008. Johan Marais Snakes of Southern Africa – laminated fold-out poster. Korck Publishing.
    Alexander, G. and Marais, J. 2007. A Guide to the Reptiles of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers.
    Marais, J. 2007. What’s that Snake? Struik Publishers.
    Marais, J. 2007. Watter slang is dit? Struik Publishers.
    Marais, J. 2004. Complete Guide to Snakes of Southern Africa – Revised. Struik Publishers (Pty) Ltd. 320 pp.
    Marais, J. 2004. ‘n Volledige Gids tot die Slange van Suider-Afrika. Struik Uitgewers. 320 pp.
    Marais, J. 1999. Snakes and Snake Bite in Southern Africa. Struik Publishers (Pty) Ltd. ISBN 1868722813, 88 pp.
    Marais, J. 1999. Slange & Slangbyt in Suider-Afrika. Struik Uitgewers (Edms) Bpk. ISBN 1868724743, 88 pp.
    Marais, J. 1997. WIELKA KSIĘ GA WĘZY. Wydawnictwo Książkowe Twój STYL, Warsaw, Poland. ISBN 8371630352, 144 pp.
    Marais, J. 1995. Fascinerende Slangen. Zuid Boekprodukties, Lisse, Nederland. ISBN 9062488005, 144 pp.
    Marais, J. 1995. Fascinujici svĕt HADŬ. Rebo Productions, Praha. ISBN 8085815427, 144 pp.
    Marais, J. 1994. L’Univers Fascinant des Serpents. Éditions Solar – Paris, France. ISBN 2263022171, 144 pp.
    Marais, J. 1994. Snakes of the World. Grange Books, London, U.K. ISBN 1840130261, 144 pp.
    Marais, J. 1992. A Complete Guide to the Snakes of Southern Africa. Southern Book Publishers (Pty) Ltd. ISBN 1868123804, 208 pp.
    Marais, J. 1992. A Complete Guide to the Snakes of Southern Africa. Krieger Publishers, Florida, USA. 208 pp.
    Marais, J. 1992. A Complete Guide to the Snakes of Southern Africa. Blandford Press, London, England. 208 pp.
    Marais, J. 1985. Snake versus Man – A Guide to Dangerous and Common Harmless Snakes of Southern Africa. MacMillan South Africa (Publishers) (Pty) Ltd. ISBN 1868120279. 102 pp.

    His currently available books include A Complete Guide to Snakes of Southern Africa,
    Volledige Gids tot Slange van Suider-Afrika, What’s that Snake?, Watter Slang is dit?, A Guide to Reptiles of Southern Africa, Snakes and Snakebite, Slange en Slangbyt and What’s that Reptile?. All of these books are best-sellers with A Complete Guide to Snakes of Southern Africa having sold over 85,000 copies and Snakes and Snake Bite over 65,000 copies.

    Technical Publications
    Mirko Barts, Christian Schneider, Jon Boone, Johan Marais, William R. Branch & Wulf D. Haacke. 2012. Lamprophis fiskii Boulenger, 1887 (Ophidia, Colubroidea, Lamprophiidae: Lamprophiinae), eine selten gefundene Hausschlange aus Südafrika. Sauria, Berlin, 2012, 34 (2): pp. 41–51.
    Bates, M.F., Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M., Burger, M, Marais, J., Alexander, G.J. & De Villiers, M.S. (Eds). 2011. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland.
    Marais, J, & Jubbe, W. 2010. Naja melanoleuca (Hallowell, 1857). Geographical Distribution. African Journal of Herpetology Newsletter No. 52, p. 24
    Marais, J. & McGahey, J. 2010. Dendroaspis angusticeps (Smith, 1849). Male combat. African Journal of Herpetology Newsletter No 52, p. 15
    Marais, J. & Midlane, N. 2010. Philothamnus hoplogaster (Günther, 1863) Male combat. African Journal of Herpetology Newsletter No. 52, pp. 13 – 14
    Marais, J. 2010. Atractaspis bibronii (Smith, 1849) Diet. Natural History note. African Journal of Herpetology Newsletter No. 52, p. 9
    Marais, J. 2010. Aparallactus capensis (Smith, 1849) Envenomation. Natural History Note. African Journal of Herpetology Newsletter No. 52, p. 8
    Marais, J. The proposed Apollo-Lepeni 400 kV Power line – Specialist herpetological report. Envirolution Consulting.
    Marais, J. 2008. Specialist Assessment of the Proposed Doornkuil Development Site on Striped Harlequin Snake (Homoroselaps dorsalis) Habitat. Johannesburg Water.
    Marais, J. 2008. Specialist Assessment of the Impact of the Nokeng Poultry Farm and Livestock Development on the Southern African Python. Nokeng Poultry Farm.
    Marais, J., Smith, G.A. & Borgelt, B.D. 1994. The Reproductive Efficiency of the Nile Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) in Southern Africa. In: Proceedings of the 12th
    Working Meeting of the Crocodile Specialist Group of the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN – The World Conservation Union. Pattaya, Thailand, 2 – 6 May 1994. Volume 2. pp. 256 – 267.
    Smith, G.A., & Marais, J. 1994. Stress in Crocodilians – The Impact of Nutrition. In: Proceedings of the 12th Working Meeting of the Crocodile Specialist Group of the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN – The World Conservation Union. Pattaya, Thailand, 2 – 6 May 1994. Volume 2. pp. 2 – 38.
    Marais, J. 1993. Dangerous and not so Dangerous Snakes. African Herp News 19: July 1993. Pp. 24 – 25.
    Marais, J. & Coulsen, C. 1993. Reptiles Killed by Noise. African Herp News 19:July 1993. 43.
    Marais, J. & Smith, G.A. 1992. Commercial crocodile production – a case study. In: Proceedings of the 11th Working Meeting of the Crocodile Specialist Group of the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN – The World Conservation Union convened at Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe, 2 – 7 August 1992. Volume 1. pp. 294 – 301.
    Marais, J. & Smith, G.A. 1992. Crocodile Husbandry – The Care of Broodstock, Eggs & Hatchlings. 63 – 78. In: Conservation and Utilization of the Nile Crocodile in Southern Africa. Handbook on Crocodile Farming. Edited by G.A. Smith & J.Marais. 186 pp.
    Marais, J. & Smith, G.A. 1992. Ecological and Economical Status of the Nile Crocodile Crocodylus niloticus in South Africa. Proceedings of the 2nd H.A.A. Symposium. Journal of the  Herpetological Association of Africa 40, August 1992. 102 – 103.
    Marais, J. & Smith, G.A. 1992. Skinning Crocodiles for the Skin Trade. 145 – 153. In: Conservation and Utilization of the Nile Crocodile in Southern Africa. Handbook on Crocodile Farming. Edited by G.A. Smith & J. Marais. 186 pp.
    Marais, J. & Smith, G.A. 1992. The Status of Crocodile Farming in the R.S.A. 31 –35. In: Conservation and Utilization of the Nile Crocodile in Southern Africa. Handbook on Crocodile Farming. Edited by G.A. Smith & J. Marais. 186 pp.
    Smith, G.A., Kuhlmann, J.G. & Marais, J. 1992. Facilities and Technology for the Commercial Production of Crocodylus niloticus. 51 – 62. In: Handbook on Crocodile Farming. Proceedings of a Conference held at the University of Pretoria. Edited by G.A. Smith & Marais, J. 186 pp.
    Smith, G.A. & Marais, J. 1992 (Eds). Conservation and Utilization of the Nile Crocodile in South Africa – Handbook on Crocodile Farming. Proceedings of a Conference held at the University of Pretoria. 186 pp.
    Smith, G.A. & Marais, J. 1992. The Marketing of Crocodile Skins – Principles, Strategies and Challenges. Pp. 161 – 175. In: Conservation and Utilization of the Nile Crocodile in Southern Africa. Handbook on Crocodile Farming. Edited by G.A. Smith & J. Marais. 186 pp.
    Smith, G.A., Marais, J. & McKenna, J. 1992. Artificial Propagation of Crocodylys niloticus and the Culture of Hatchlings in Controlled Environments. Proceedings of the 2nd H.A.A. Symposium. Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 40, August 1992. Pp.104 – 108.
    Marais, J. & Smith, G.A. 1991. Crocodile Farming in the Republic of South Africa – factors influencing profitability in the 1990’s and beyond. Aquaculture ’90. Proceedings of a Symposium. Aquaculture Association of South Africa. Edited by R.G.M. Heath. Pp. 163 – 170.
    Smith, G.A. & Marais, J. 1991. The Impact of Management and Technology on the Efficiency of Crocodylus niloticus production in South Africa. Proceedings of a Symposium. Aquaculture Association of South Africa. Edited by R.G.M. Heath. Pp.156 – 162.
    Marais, J. & Bates, M. (Eds). 1990. Husbandry ’88. Proceedings of the First H.A.A. Reptile Husbandry Symposium. Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 38. 61 pp.
    Marais, J. & Morgan, D.R. 1990. Reptile Husbandry. In: Husbandry ’88. Proceedings of the First H.A.A. Reptile Husbandry Symposium. Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 38. Edited by J. Marais & M. Bates. Pp. 3 – 7.
    Marais, J. & Smith, G.A. 1990. CROCLIT – A Computerized Catalogue of Crocodilian Literature. In: Husbandry ’88. Proceedings of the First H.A.A. Reptile Husbandry Symposium. Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 38. Edited by J. Marais & M. Bates. Pp. 42 – 43.
    Marais, J., & Smith, G.A. 1990. Establishing performance criteria for Crocodylus niloticus reared for skin production in Southern Africa. 69 – 75. In: Crocodiles, Proceedings of the 9th Working Meeting of the Crocodile Specialist Group of the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN – The World Conservation Union, Gland, Switzerland. Volume 2. ISBN 2-8317-0009-4. iv + 380 pp.
    Marais, J. & Smith, G.A. 1990. The Care of Crocodylus niloticus Eggs and Hatchlings. In: Husbandry ’88. Proceedings of the First H.A.A. Reptile Husbandry Symposium. Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 38. Edited by J. Marais & M. Bates. Pp. 49 – 50.
    Smith, G.A., & Marais, J. 1990. Crocodile Farming in South Africa – The impact of farming technology on production efficiency. Pp. 201 – 215. In: Crocodiles. Proceedings of the 10th Working Meeting of the Crocodile Specialist Group of the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN – The World Conservation Union, Gland, Switzerland. Volume 2. ISBN 2-8327-0023-x. vi + 354 pp.
    Marais, J. & Smith, G.A. 1989. Farming of Crocodylus niloticus in the Republic of South Africa – A Strategy for Profitable Production. Crocodilian Congress of the American Alligator Farmer’s Association – Production & Marketing Strategies for the 1990’s. Tampa, Florida, USA. Pp. 73 – 84.
    Marais, J. & Smith, G.A. 1989. Southern African Crocodile Farming in perspective. Aquaculture ’88. Proceedings of a Symposium. Occasional Report No. 37. Ecosystem Programmes, Foundation for Research and Development, CSIR. Pretoria. Edited by R.D. Walmsley & M.L. Botten. 29 – 33.
    Marais, J. 1984. Notes on the Giant Girdled Lizard Cordylus giganteus A. Smith. British Herpetological Society Bulletin, No. 10, 1984. pp. 30 – 33.
    Marais, J. 1984. Probing and Marking Snakes. Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 30: March 1984. Pp. 15 – 16.
    Marais, J. 1981. Case History of Snouted Night Adder Bite. Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 26: December 1981. Pp. 6 – 7.
    Marais, J. 1981. Diseases and their treatment in captive reptiles – a supplementary list. Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 25, August 1981. 18 pp.
    Marais, J. 1981. New Records of Lamprophis fiskii Boulenger 1887 (Reptilia, Colubridae). Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 25, (1981). Pp. 9 – 10.
    Marais, J. 1981. Notes on Clutch- and Egg-sizes of some Squamata (Reptilia) observed in the Transvaal Snake Park. Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 26: December 1981. Pp. 9 – 10.
    Marais, J. 1981. New Records of Lamprophis fiskii Boulenger 1887 (Reptilia, Colubridae). Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 25, (1981). Pp. 9 –10.

    Symposia/Workshops
    2018 – Snakebite in Southern Africa. Take Action Seminar. Leriba Lodge, Centurion.
    2017 – First Aid for Snakebite in Southern Africa. Conference of the Herpetological Association of Africa. Bonamanzi, Zululand.
    2017 – Snakebite in Southern Africa. Travel Medicine Workshop of the South African Society of Travel Medicine. BYTES Conference Centre, Midrand.
    2016 – Snakebite in Southern Africa. Travel Medicine Workshop of the South African Society of Travel Medicine. BYTES Conference Centre, Midrand.
    2015 – Snakebite in Southern Africa. Travel Medicine Workshop of the South African Society of Travel Medicine. BYTES Conference Centre, Midrand.
    2014 – Snakes and Snakebite in Southern Africa. The Instituto de Biomedicina de Valencia (an institute of the Spanish Research Council).
    2014 – Snakebite in Southern Africa. Second Venomous Symposium, Valencia. Valencia Herpetological Society.
    2014 – A monograph of the genus Bitis. Second Venomous Symposium, Valencia. Valencia Herpetological Society.
    2014 – Snakebite in Southern Africa. Conference of the Herpetological Association of Africa, Gobabeb, Namibia.
    2014 – Snakebite in Southern Africa. Travel Medicine Workshop of the South African Society of Travel Medicine. BYTES Conference Centre, Midrand.
    2013 – Snakebite in Southern Africa. Travel Medicine Workshop of the South African Society of Travel Medicine. BYTES Conference Centre, Midrand.
    2013 – Swaziland Snakebite Symposium. Chairperson and presented on Snakebite in South Africa.
    2012 – Snakebite in Southern Africa. Snakebite Seminar, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    2012 – Snakebite in Southern Africa. Travel Health Africa – the past, present and future. SASTM Travel Medicine Conference, Sandton Convention Centre. 13-16 September.
    2012 – Snakebite in Southern Africa. Travel Medicine Workshop of the South African Society of Travel Medicine. BYTES Conference Centre, Midrand.
    2012 – ADU of the University of Cape Town Workshop at Botanical Gardens, Pietermaritzburg. Invited speaker.
    2011 – ADU of the University of Cape Town Workshop at SANBI, Pretoria. Invited speaker.
    2010 – Swaziland Snakebite Symposium, Simunye Country Club, Swaziland. Chaired by Dr. Sean Bush, Professor of Emergency Medicine, Loma Linda University, California, USA.
    2009 – Herpetological Association of Africa Symposium, Cape Town.
    2006 – A Conservation Assessment of Scelotes inornatus. Herpetological Association of Africa Symposium, Potchefstroom.
    2005 – World Herpetological Association Conference, Cape Town.
    2004 – The need for re-analysis of the conservation status of South Africa’s herpetofauna: Scelotes inornatus as a case study. Herpetological Association of Africa Symposium, Port Elizabeth.
    1994 – 12th Working Meeting of the Crocodile Specialist Group of the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN – The World Conservation Union. Pattaya, Thailand, 2 – 6 May 1994. Presented a paper ‘The Reproductive Efficiency of the Nile Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) in Southern Africa’, co-authors Smith, G.A. & B.D. Borgelt.
    1992 – Conservation and Utilization of the Nile Crocodile in Southern Africa Symposium held at the University of Pretoria. Presented a paper ‘The Care of Broodstock, Eggs & Hatchlings’, co-author G.A. Smith.
    1992 – Conservation and Utilization of the Nile Crocodile in Southern Africa Symposium held at the University of Pretoria. Presented a paper ‘Skinning Crocodiles for the Skin Trade’, co-author G.A. Smith.
    1992 – Conservation and Utilization of the Nile Crocodile in Southern Africa Symposium held at the University of Pretoria. Presented a paper ‘The Status of Crocodile Farming in the R.S.A’, co-author G.A. Smith.
    1992 – Conservation and Utilization of the Nile Crocodile in Southern Africa. Symposium held at the University of Pretoria. Convened and arranged this symposium with G.A. Smith. Also shared all sessions with G.A. Smith with regards to chairing all presentations. Proceedings published and edited by G.A. Smith & J. Marais.
    1990 – Second Herpetological Association of Africa Symposium on African Herpetology held at the National Museum, Bloemfontein, 8 – 11 April 1991. Presented a paper ‘Ecological and Economical Status of the Nile Crocodile Crocodylus niloticus in South Africa’, co-author G.A. Smith. 1986 – First Crocodile Farming Workshop in South Africa. Held at Sun City on 19
    December 1986. 10 invited speakers and 36 delegates attended. Arranged workshop, was chairman of all sessions and edited papers for a publication entitled ‘Crocodile Workshop – 19 December 1986. 48 pp.
    1989 – All Florida Herpetological Association Symposium. One of eight invited speakers. Presented a paper ‘Herpetology in Southern Africa’. Symposium held at Florida State Museum, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
    1989 – Crocodilian Congress of the American Alligator Farmer’s Association – Production & Marketing Strategies for the 1990’s. Tampa, Florida, USA. Presented a paper ‘Farming of Crocodylus niloticus in the Republic of South Africa – A Strategy for Profitable Production’. Co-author G.A. Smith.
    1990 – First Herpetological Association of Africa Reptile Husbandry Symposium, Delta Park, Johannesburg. Arranged symposium with assistance of Mike Bates. Proceedings of symposium published and edited by J. Marais & M.Bates.
    1990 – First Herpetological Association of Africa Reptile Husbandry Symposium. Presented a paper ‘Reptile Husbandry’, co-author D. Morgan.
    1989 – First Herpetological Association of Africa Reptile Husbandry Symposium. Presented a paper ‘The Care of Crocodylus niloticus eggs and hatchlings’, co-author G.A. Smith.
    1989 – 9th Working Meeting of the Crocodile Specialist Group of the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN – The World Conservation Union, Gland, Switzerland, held in Tampa, Florida, USA. Presented a paper ‘Establishing performance criteria for Crocodylus niloticus reared for skin production in Southern Africa’, co-author G.A. Smith.
    1989 – Aquaculture Symposium held in Pretoria. Aquaculture Association of South Africa. Presented a paper ‘Crocodile Farming in the Republic of South Africa – factors influencing profitability in the 1990’s and beyond, co-author G.A. Smith.
    1989 – 11th Working Meeting of the Crocodile Specialist Group of the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN – The World Conservation Union convened at Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe, 2 – 7 August 1992. Presented a paper ‘Commercial crocodile production – a case study, co-author G.A. Smith.

    Johan Marais
    Cell +27 (0) 824942039
    African Snakebite Institute
    E-mail: johan@asiorg.co.za
    www.africansnakebiteinstitute.com